NEXT GENERAL MEETING
4, 2018 • 12:00 pm - 2 pm
at Old Town, 15060 Antonio Drive,
Guest Speaker: Juan S. Garcia, Secretary, The Lipan Apache Tribe of Texas
Presentation: "How the Lipan Apache Used the Buffalo"
In about 1723, the Lipan Apaches came into contact with Spanish woodcutters at Elotes Pass. The Spaniards had named
the pass "Elotes" for the corn they found growing there. Elotes, or as it is now called, Helotes, was a Lipan seasonal
agricultural camp and the Tribe maintained a presence there until about the mid-1850's. Eventually the Comanches drove
the Lipans from the area but the Lipans continued to make frequent raids in the San Antonio area. There were also some Lipans
that settled among the Mission Indians in the San Antonio missions. The Lipans were a nomadic tribe and did not practice agriculture
to a great extent. Waiting for the crops to mature invited clashes with the Comanches, their traditional enemies. The Lipans
probably planted the corn, but they were primarily hunter/gatherers.
Garcia, a descendant of Lipan Apaches, will give a presentation on how his ancestors used the buffalo, showing the tools,
weapons, and other artifacts they made from the buffalo. The buffalo, according to Garcia, was a walking “Wal-Mart”
for the Lipan Apaches. Garcia who dresses in full Apache regalia is a resident of Corpus Christi, Texas. Retired from Occidental
Chemical Corporation since 2014, Garcia also does volunteer work at the Texas State Aquarium and at St. Peter's Catholic Church.
Garcia has been giving presentations to schools, retirement homes, and other places for more than 20 years. He has been secretary
of the Lipan Apache Tribe of Texas for the last six years. Visit the group's website at www.lipanapache.org.
Lunch: Members - $10; Non-Members - $15. A deluxe box
lunch from Jason's Deli. Order from three menu items on Meetings page. Reservation/meal
order must be made by September 2nd. Email firstname.lastname@example.org for more information. This meeting is
open to the public.